Andy Tyrie

About

The Loyalist Conflict Museum: Andy Tyrie Interpretive Centre (named after Andy Tyrie who was the Supreme Commander of the Ulster Defence Association) has been created to enable the Loyalist working class community, as it emerges from forty years of violent conflict, to reflect on those years and hopefully that process of reflection may give us an understanding of what actually happened to us as a community. There are reams and reams of press reports, pictures, books and TV programmes depicting many stories but all written by others. The Loyalist people have not told their story until now.

Discover more about the culture and history of this local loyalist paramilitary group by visiting our Centre and participating in our walking tours that mark significant points in the history of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA).

About

Andy Tyrie

History

The Andy Tyrie Interpretive Centre opened its doors on 31st August 2012, the centres origins date back 3 years previous to this. In 2009 a group of men held a series of discussions that resulted from the Ulster Defence Associations decommissioning process. The initial thoughts of this group of men centred around the idea of creating a space so the Protestant – Unionist – Loyalist (PUL) community could tell their story, a story that needed to be told of 30 years of conflict and terrorist offensive from what was described as 'the republican movement' (republican paramilitaries).

Thoughts relating to the creation of a safe space for reflection also stemmed from these discussions, a safe place where those who took up arms against the republican movement could reflect on what they had experienced and witnessed as a result of conflict. Many of these men would have experienced prison life, experienced lose, witnessed the deaths of friends, fellow comrades, and most importantly their family. We are using this process as a way of dealing with the past.

Currently we have many international groups visiting the Centre, from Universities as far as France, Canada and America all studying international conflict, also people travelling from countries currently experience conflict. All with the aim of understanding how a resolution was found from 30 years of struggle and terror within Northern Ireland.

History

Andy Tyrie

Origins

The Ulster Defence Association emerged as an umbrella organisation after a series of meetings during the middle of 1971 of loyalist "vigilante" groups called "defence associations". The largest of these were the Woodvale Defence Associations and Shankill Defence Association, with other groups based in East Belfast, The Braniel, Ballysillan, the Hammer and Roden Street.

By time of the organisations formal launch, Charles Harding Smith had become the group's leader, with former British soldier Davy Fogel as his second-in-command, who trained the new recruits in military tactics, the use of guns, and unarmed combat.

At its peak, with between 40,000 to 50,000 members, the UDA was the largest of the paramilitary organisation in Western Europe.

The Ulster Defence Associations most prominent early spokesperson and first elected Brigadier of East Belfast was Tommy Herron. However on 14th September 1973 Tommy was shot dead on a quiet County Down road, his body was found in a ditch in Drumbo with a gunshot wound to the head. His legally held personal protection weapon was still in its holster when he was found. To this day no one is still sure who murdered Tommy with many believing he died at the hands of British state services. As a result of this Andy Tyrie would emerge as leader soon after. Its original motto was Cedenta Arma Togae ("Law before violence") and it was a legal organisation until it was banned by the British Government on 10 August 1992.

Throughout the majority of its period of legality, the UDA's attacks were carried out under the name "Ulster Freedom Fighters" (UFF). The UDA's campaign of violence began in 1972. In May of that year, the UDA's pressured leader Tommy Herron decided that responsibility for acts of violence committed by the UDA would be claimed by the "UFF". Its first public statements came one month later.

The UDA's official position during the Troubles was that if the Provisional Irish Republican Army (Provisional IRA) called off its campaign of violence, then it would do the same. However, if the British government announced that it was withdrawing from Northern Ireland, then the UDA would act as "the IRA in reverse."

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Eastside Voice Tour
£15
Per Person
3
Hours
1 museum and 2 walking tours (2mile)
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Loyalist Conflict Museum
£5
Walking Tour
£5
Museum Entry
1 museum and 1 walking tour (£10)
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361 Newtownards Rd, Belfast, BT4 1HG

Tel 028 9099 6110 | Email robert@charterni.org

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